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It was sunny and hot last week and farmers had about six days good for fieldwork. The second highest number of days suitable so far this year according to the Iowa Crop Progress report.
Pretty much all the corn in Iowa has emerged and four-fifths of the crop is in good or excellent condition, with only four percent in poor conditions.
Most of soybeans have been planted--about 98%-- two weeks ahead of last year and 13 days ahead of the five year average. Ninety-one percent of soybeans have emerged, ten days ahead of last year and the average. Soybean conditions are rated 81% good to excellent.
There was a contrast between May and June weather in the state of Iowa.
In May, it was wet in the western one-third of Iowa and the rest of the state was slightly dryer than normal.
According to State Climatologist Harry Hillaker, in June that flip flopped, "Turned really quite dry the last few weeks and definitely could use some rain to get crop established. All kinds of subsoil, but right now corn and beans if they've germinated don't have much of a root growing and they've got to rely on the topsoil moisture and there's just not much of it left in parts of south central and southeast Iowa right now."
Hillaker adds there wasn't much drought area to start with this year.
He also says, while there has not been an official turn into the La Nina weather event, the El Nino event is officially over. La Nina is associated with drier weather in the Midwest as well as more extreme weather.